This is me sitting on the Fourth Plinth in Trafalgar Square as part of Antony Gormley's One and Other installation while my student was presenting at the BPS Developmental Conference.


In press

Beck, S.R. (in press) Understanding teaching needs development. Commentary on Kline. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Beck, S.R. & Riggs, K.J. (in press). Developing thoughts about what might have been. Child Development Perspectives.



Cutting, N., Apperly, I.A., Chappell, J. & Beck, S.R. (2014). Why can’t children piece their knowledge together? The puzzling difficulty of tool innovation. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 125, 110-117. DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.11.010 [PDF]



Beck, S.R. & Riggs, K.J. (2013) The development of counterfactual reasoning. Chapter in The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision Making. H.Markovits (Ed.) Psychology Press.

Chappell, J., Cutting, N., Apperly, I.A.,  & Beck, S.R. (In press). The development of tool manufacture in humans: what helps young children make innovative tools? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0409

Beck, S.R., Weisberg, D.P., Burns, P., & Riggs, K.J. (2013). Conditional reasoning and emotional experience: a review of the development of counterfactual thinking. Studia Logica. (Special Issue on Logic of Causal and Probabilistic Reasoning in Uncertain Environments. Schurz & Unterhuber (Eds.). DOI: 10.1007/s11225-013-9508-1 [PDF]

Beck, S.R. & Riggs, K.J. (2013). Counterfactuals and reality. Chapter in The Oxford Handbook of the Development of the Imagination. M. Taylor (Ed.). New York, USA: OUP.

Eddy, C.M., Beck, S.R., Mitchell, I.J., Praamstra, P., & Pall, H.S. (2013). Theory of Mind deficits in Parkinson’s disease: a product of executive dysfunction? Neuropsychology, 27, 37-47. DOI: 10.1037/a0031302 [PDF]



Beck, S.R., Robinson, E.J., & Rowley, M.G. (2012). Thinking about different types of uncertainty. Chapter in Foundations of Metacognition. M. J. Beran, Brandl, J., Perner, J. & Proust, J. (Eds.) OUP.

Weisberg, D.P. & Beck, S.R. (2012). The development of children’s regret and relief. Cognition & Emotion, 26, 820-935. DOI:10.1080/02699931.2011.621933 [PDF]

Waters, G.M. & Beck, S.R. (in press) How should we question young children’s understanding of aspectuality? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 30, 359-476. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-835X.2011.02044.x [PDF]

Beck, S.R., Chappell, J., Apperly, I.A., & Cutting, N. (2012). Tool innovation may be a critical limiting step for the establishment of a rich tool-using culture: a perspective from child development. Behavioral Brain Sciences commentary on The cognitive basis of human tool use, Vaesen. [PDF] DOI:10.1017/S0140525X11001877

Burns, P., Riggs, K.J., & Beck, S.R. (2012). Executive control and the experience of regret. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111, 501-515. [PDF]

Simpson, A., Riggs, K.J., Beck, S.R., Gorniak, S.L., Wu, Y., Abbott, D. & Diamond, A. (2012). Refining the understanding of inhibitory control: How response prepotency is created and overcome.  Developmental Science, 15, 62-73. [PDF]



Hoerl, C., McCormack, T., & Beck, S.R. (2011). Understanding counterfactuals, understanding causation. Oxford, UK: OUP.

Beck, S.R., Riggs, K.J., & Burns, P. (2011). Multiple developments in counterfactual thinking. Chapter in Understanding counterfactuals, understanding causation. C. Hoerl, T. McCormack, & S.R. Beck,  (Eds.)

Harris, A., Rowley, M.G., Beck, S.R., Robinson, E.J., & McColgan, K.L.T. (2011) Agency affects adults’, but not children’s, guessing preferences in a novel game of chance. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1772-1787. doi:10.1080/17470218.2011.582126 [PDF]

Beck, S.R., McColgan, K.L.T., Robinson, E.J., & Rowley, M.G. (2011). Imagining what might be: why children under-estimate uncertainty. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 110, 603-610. DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.06.010  [PDF]

Beck, S.R. & Guthrie, C. (2011). Almost thinking counterfactually: children’s understanding of close counterfactuals. Child Development, 82, 1189-1198. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01590.x [PDF]

Beck, S.R., Robinson, A., Ahmed, S., & Abid, R. (2011). Children’s understanding that ambiguous figures have multiple interpretations. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8, 403-422. doi:10.1080/17405629.2010.515885 [PDF]

Eddy, C.M., Mitchell, I.J., Beck, S.R., Cavanna, A.E. & Rickards, H. (2011) Altered subjective fear responses in Huntington’s Disease. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, 17, 386-389. doi:10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.01.020 [PDF]

Eddy, C.M., Mitchell, I.J., Beck, S.R., Rickards, H. & Cavanna, A.E. (2011). Social reasoning in Tourette Syndrome. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 18, 1-22. doi:10.1080/13546805.2010.538213 [PDF]

Cutting, N., Apperly, I.A., Beck, S.R. (2011) Why do children lack the mental flexibility to innovate tools? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109, 497-511. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.02.012 [PDF]

Mitchell, I.J., Beck, S.R., Boyal, A., & Edwards, V. R. (2011)  Theory of mind deficits following acute alcohol intoxication. European Addiction Research, 17, 164-168. doi:10.1159/000324871 [PDF]

Beck, S.R., Apperly, I.A., Chappell, J., Guthrie, C., & Cutting, N. (2011). Making tools isn’t child’s play. Cognition, 119, 301-306. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.01.003 [PDF]

Beck, S.R., Carroll, D.J., Brunsdon, V.E.A., & Gryg, C.K. (2011). Supporting children's counterfactual thinking with alternative modes of responding. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108, 190-202. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2010.07.009 [PDF]



Eddy, C.M., Mitchell, I.J., Beck, S.R., Cavanna, A.E., & Rickards, H.E. (2010) Impaired comprehension of non-literal language in Tourette Syndrome. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 23, 178-184. doi:10.1097/WNN.0b013e3181e61cb7 [PDF]

Eddy, C.M., Mitchell, I.J., Beck, S.R., Cavanna, A.E., & Rickards, H. (2010). Altered attribution of intention in Tourette’s syndrome. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 22, 348-351. doi:10.1176/appi.neuropsych.22.3.348 [PDF]

Beck, S.R., Riggs, K.J., & Gorniak, S.L. (2010). The effect of causal chain length on counterfactual conditional reasoning. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28, 505-521. doi:10.1348/026151009X450836 [PDF]

Weisberg, D.P. & Beck, S.R. (2010). Children’s thinking about their own and others’ regret and relief. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 106, 184-191 doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2010.02.005 [PDF]




Beck, S.R., Riggs, K.J., & Gorniak, S.L. (2009). Relating developments in children’s counterfactual thinking and executive functions. Thinking and Reasoning, 15, 337-354. doi:10.1080/13546780903135904 [PDF]

Robinson, E.J., Pendle, J., Rowley, M.G., Beck, S.R., &  McColgan, K.L.T. (2009). Guessing imagined and live chance events: Adults behave like children with live events. British Journal of Psychology, 100, 645 – 659. doi:10.1348/000712608X386810 [PDF]

Waters, G.M. & Beck, S.R. (2009). The development and robustness of young children’s understanding of aspectuality. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 103, 108-114. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2009.02.008 [PDF]

Beck, S.R. & Crilly, M. (2009). Is understanding regret dependent on developments in counterfactual thinking? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 505-510. doi:10.1348/026151008X401697 [PDF]



Beck, S.R., Robinson, E.J., & Freeth, M. (2008). Can children resist making interpretations when uncertain? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 99, 252-270. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2007.06.002 [PDF]



Riggs, K.J. & Beck, S.R. (2007). Thinking developmentally about counterfactual possibilities. Commentary on Byrne R.M.J. (2005) The Rational Imagination. Behavioral Brain Sciences 30,463. doi:10.1017/S0140525X07002695 [PDF]



Robinson, E.J., Rowley, M., Beck, S.R., Carroll, D.J., Apperly, I.A. (2006). Children's sensitivity to their own relative ignorance: Handling of possibilities under epistemic and physical uncertainty. Child Development, 77, 1642-1655 doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00964.x [PDF]

Beck. S.R., Robinson, E.J., Carroll, D.J, & Apperly, I.A. (2006). Children’s thinking about counterfactuals and future hypotheticals as possibilities. Child Development, 77, 413-426. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00879.x [PDF]



Crisp, R.J., & Beck, S.R.. (2005). Reducing intergroup bias: The moderating role of ingroup identification. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 8, 173-183. doi:10.1177/1368430205051066 [PDF]

Robinson, E.J., Kerr, C.E.P., Stevens, A. J.,  Lilford, R.J., Braunholtz, D.A., Edwards, S.J., Beck, S.R., Rowley, M.G. (2005). Lay public's understanding of equipoise and randomisation in randomised controlled trials. Health Technology Assessment 9(8). [LINK TO PROJECT PAGE AND PDF]




Beck, S.R. & Robinson, E.J., (2001). Children’s ability to make tentative interpretations of ambiguous messages. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 79, 95-114. doi:10.1006/jecp.2000.2583 [PDF]



Robinson, E.J. & Beck, S.R. (2000). What is difficult about counterfactual reasoning? In P. Mitchell and K. Riggs (Eds). Children’s Reasoning and the Mind. Psychology Press